Updated: 08.11.2022 15:58:07

Hordes of mosquitoes, wasps, bumblebees, bees, horseflies and midges can overshadow summer outdoor recreation. In addition to pain, bites can lead to a serious complication — an allergic reaction. Small midges are more dangerous than mosquitoes, as the skin areas damaged by them begin to itch, hyperemia and itching appear. A common reaction of the body is anaphylactic shock. If within a few days the situation only worsens, you need to see a doctor.

Who bites?

Insects ready to bite a person — just darkness. The most annoying of them are mosquitoes, horseflies and midges. Bees, wasps and bumblebees also bite, but not as often.

Midges and mosquitoes

Insect bites

Insect bites do not pose a danger to humans, but there is nothing pleasant about this — the affected area of ​​u200bu200bthe skin turns red, swelling appears, and the place itches badly. You can not comb the bite site, it is possible that the damaged area of ​​u200bu200bthe skin can be infected and pus will accumulate in the wound.

Repellents are a reliable way to deal with blood-sucking insects. You can use special creams, sprays, use spirals, tablets, as a result of which repellents are released as a result of heating.


It is not recommended to use means, for example, tablets — all night, as your head will hurt.

From folk remedies, you can choose frightening plants and spices: basil, geranium, cloves, marigolds. To lubricate exposed areas of the body, you can use clove oil.

Symptoms resulting from bites:

  1. hyperemia;

  2. tissue swelling;

  3. severe itching.

Be careful!

When bitten by a malarial mosquito, you should immediately seek help from the infectious diseases department.

If it was not possible to avoid a bite:

  1. You can not comb even with severe itching! To relieve inflammation and reduce discomfort, it is recommended to lubricate the damaged area with a cotton swab dipped in cologne, alcohol or vodka.

  2. To cool the skin and relieve itching, you can prepare a solution of 150 ml of water and 20 ml of ammonia or vinegar. An ice cube, sodium carbonate solution will help soothe the skin.

  3. You can use folk recipes and attach a plantain leaf, aloe or calendula flowers to the affected area.

  4. If the symptoms do not disappear within 10-20 minutes, you will need to drink an antihistamine.

As pharmaceuticals suitable for relieving an allergic reaction, you can use one of the drugs: Suprastin, Diazolin, Tavegil, Allergozan.

Bumblebees, wasps, bees

Beekeepers have noticed that bees cannot stand loose hair and the smell of sweat. If the insect buzzes and examines with interest, you can’t wave your arms and drive away the bee — otherwise it will sting. It is necessary, while maintaining calm, to go to another place or to a room. If the bee is tangled in the curls, you can knock it out with a snap of your fingers, but in no case do not try to get it by pulling it out of the strands with two fingers.

The bee stings only once and dies. The fact is that she has a small hook at the end of the sting, which does not allow you to remove the sting after a bite. So is the bumblebee. The wasp stings several times.

The main signs of bites:

  1. tissue swelling;

  2. absence of hyperemia;

  3. strong pain;

  4. burning sensation in the affected area.

Not many people are allergic to bee, wasp, and bumblebee stings. But in the event of the first signs of the development of an allergic reaction, which manifests itself in severe swelling, burning pain, the appearance and weakness, shortness of breath, swelling of the face, larynx, the situation should be immediately corrected.

wasp sting

What to do if bitten?

  1. The remaining sting must be carefully removed.

  2. Treat the bite site with an antiseptic, you can apply ice, a cold lotion.

  3. Warm water with honey (150 ml of water + 1 tsp of honey) will help to remove puffiness faster. This recipe can only be taken if there is no allergy to honey.

  4. You can relieve itching with chopped aloe leaves, parsley juice, marigold, plantain.

If you are allergic to the sting of bees, bumblebees and wasps, in order to avoid Quincke’s edema, it is recommended to immediately contact an ambulance so that the paramedic makes an injection and prevents the spread of the allergy.

Interesting fact!

In the United States, the most dangerous hymenopteran insect is the African honey bee. Unlike ordinary insects, honeybees have a strong poison. Insects gather in flocks and attack humans. A lethal outcome is possible not from the strength of the poison, but from the amount of bee sting.

Horseflies and gadflies

Gadflies and horseflies lead an active lifestyle in warm weather, they love to fly near water bodies. Strong sweat attracts insects. An antiperspirant that is applied to clean skin will help prevent bites from harmful insects. The caustic aroma of tansy and fragrant tobacco is not to the liking of horseflies and gadflies.

The bites are sensitive, a white blister appears in the affected area. In addition to soreness, there is a high probability of some kind of infection entering the wound, since bloodsuckers are carriers of many diseases.

What to do after a bite?

  1. Treat the bite site with a cotton pad soaked in alcohol or soda solution.

  2. An ice cube or tea tree oil will help relieve puffiness.

  3. The wound can be lubricated with antihistamine ointment.

Often horseflies can sit on the skin and drink blood for 5 minutes. The gadfly, unlike the horsefly, is not a blood-sucking insect. The latter use an interesting attack tactic: while some individuals distract a potential victim, the latter attack it.


Those who have been bitten by ants know how painful it is. Small insects shoot a drop of burning liquid. With massive bites, swelling develops on the skin, redness appears. If insects are found, it is recommended to check all clothing, shake off bloodsuckers and move to a safe place.

How to relieve itching after an ant bite?

  1. You can apply a cotton pad soaked in a soda solution, or take a shower with summer water.

  2. You can not open the bubbles formed as a result of a bite.

  3. Damaged areas of the skin can be wiped with cologne.

If folk remedies do not help, it is recommended to drink Diazolin, Cytirizine, Allergosan.

Bites of poisonous insects

Bites of poisonous insects

Poisonous insects include some types of spiders, scorpions, tsetse fly, peacock-eye caterpillar, centipede. After a bite of poisonous insects, a number of symptoms occur, often life-threatening:

  1. sharp, intolerable pain that can persist for a day;

  2. a white tubercle forms near the wound;

  3. blisters with blood may appear, hemorrhage is observed;

  4. the bite is accompanied by severe headache and dizziness;

  5. the affected area of ​​the body becomes numb;

  6. blood pressure decreases;

  7. an increase in temperature is observed.

If the listed symptoms are present, you should immediately consult a doctor for first aid, since it is not known how the body will react to the bite of a poisonous insect.

Use of chemical insect repellents

The use of chemical means of protection against insect bites is the simplest, but short-term method. The spray is sprayed onto clothing, while the lotion and cream can be applied directly to the skin.

When heated fumigators — spirals, liquids and plates, poisonous vapor is released. Therefore, the use of fumigators is allowed only in a well-ventilated area. Some of the products have a mark that they are safe for children.

The use of fumigators is not advisable in a home with a pregnant woman, small children, or pets. During the operation of the devices, the inhabitants of aquariums, birds, and inhabitants of terrariums should not be present in the room.

Mosquito nets, ultrasonic repellers, baits and plants — an alternative to chemical defenses

If it is not possible to use chemicals, alternative methods of protection against insect bites can be considered.

  1. Mosquito nets. By installing protective screens on windows and doors, you can protect yourself and your family from annoying insects.

  2. Ultrasonic repellers. The operation of the devices is based on the use of batteries or from the mains. After turning on the device, it starts to vibrate, emit sounds of a certain frequency that affect insects, a person does not react to vibration in any way.

  3. Adhesive baits and trapsgels, granular and liquid baits are harmless to humans and destructive to insects.

  4. Planting plants with a strong smell — This is the safest and most environmentally friendly way to deal with insects.

Essential oils contained in the stems, leaves and flowers of plants repel midges, mosquitoes, ticks and other insects. You can protect the site from the invasion of pests by planting:

  1. essential oil crops: fennel, tansy, bird cherry, cloves, coriander, wormwood, mint;

  2. garden flowers: calendula, lavender, marigold, nasturtium, geranium;

  3. vegetables and ornamental plants: mustard, onion, basil, parsley, castor beans, garlic.

Planted plants will perform not only a repellent function, but also an aesthetic one. In addition to insects, crops will repel many garden pests: slugs, aphids, whiteflies.

If there is no desire to constantly fight insects and eliminate the consequences of their bites, it is recommended to use acceptable methods of dealing with bloodsuckers. After all, rest should bring pleasure, and not turn into a constant struggle with annoying neighbors.

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